COVID-19 or Coronavirus Disease 2019 is the infectious disease caused by the coronavirus. With the outbreak of the Coronavirus, millions of people were affected by across the world. Infected people experience mild to moderate respiratory illness due to the COVID-19 virus. The virus is caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Coronaviruses were first identified in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. The outbreak mainly resulted in the ongoing pandemic. According to the report, the first case of this infection was identified on 17 November 2019.
The Outbreak Of COVID-19:
More than 6.72 million cases are reported as of June 2020, and it is still growing in more than 188 countries. COVID-19 has resulted in more than 400,000 deaths, and about 3 Million have recovered from this deadly virus. Coronaviruses are usually the large family of viruses causing severe illness that ranges from the common cold to that of severe disease like Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV). Based on the recent report, the novel coronavirus (nCoV) is one of the new stains that mainly does not identify among humans.
According to scientists, Coronaviruses are the zoonotic as it could be transmitted from one person to another. SARS-CoV was mainly transmitted from civet cats to humans, while MERS-CoV was transmitted from dromedary camels to humans. Many numbers of coronaviruses have been circulating among animals, but they do not have an impact on humans.
COVID-19 become one of the greatest disasters in history, killing more than millions of people from across the world. The COVID-19 especially spreads faster compared to the other forms of diseases. Common signs of the infection mainly include respiratory symptoms, shortness of breath, cough, and many other breathing difficulties. Infections can also be caused by pneumonia, kidney failure, death, and severe acute respiratory syndrome. The best standard recommendation by WHO for preventing the infection spread is by regular hand washing, thoroughly cooking eggs and meat, covering nose and mouth while sneezing and coughing. It is better to avoid close contact with the person who shows the symptoms of respiratory illness like sneezing and coughing.
Impact On Economy:
With the outbreak of the Coronavirus across the world, any number of countries were forced to take severe action on Lockdown. Avoiding close contact with the infected is an essential way to reduce the spread of the virus. With social distancing and Lockdown all throughout the country, many industries have been affected. People find it difficult to earn money with all the business in the lockdown. The economy of the country has been greatly reduced so that it would mainly give you complete aspects of everything. Most of the companies encouraged their employees for the Work From Home option due to the lockdown.
The Spread Of COVID-19:
Coronavirus primarily spread between the two people in close contact. Mainly, this virus spreads through the small droplets that are produced by sneezing, coughing, and talking. When these droplets fall on the surface or ground instead of traveling through the air, these viruses spread to the person who is in the short distance. People also become infected while touching the contaminated surface then touching their nose or mouth. Coronavirus will be more contagious during its first 3 to 4 days of the infection, then it onsets the symptoms.
The standard method of COVID-19 diagnosis is with the Real-Time Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (rRT-PCR). The sample test will be taken from the nasopharyngeal swab. Along with which the Chest CT imaging is also the best way to diagnose the person when he or she is highly suspicious of the infection. Routine screening with CT imaging is not medically recommended for its side effects.
World Health Organization (WHO) has mainly recommended the primary measures for preventing the infection that includes maintaining physical distance, frequent hand washing, quarantine, avoiding the unwashed hands from the face, and covering coughs. Doctors mainly recommend using the cloth face coverings like masks, scarfs, or other bandanas in the public setting. These mainly minimize the risk for the transmission of the diseases. There are also many Medical grade facemasks like N95 masks that could be used for reducing the spread of the virus. The N95 masks are used by the healthcare workers as well as the first responders.
- Wash your hands regularly with water and soap
- Maintain 1-meter social distance with who are coughing or sneezing
- Cover mouth and nose while you are coughing or sneezing.
- Avoid touching face
- If you feel unwell Stay home
- Quit smoking and other activities which would weaken your lungs
- Avoiding unnecessary travel
- Stay away from large groups of people.
Signs And Symptoms:
Coronavirus Disease or COVID-19 is the infectious disease primarily caused by the Coronavirus. People who are infected with the COVID-19 virus experiences the mild to moderate respiratory illnesses. Normally, the older people with medical problems such as diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and many others are fast likely to develop the serious illness. One of the best ways for preventing as well as slowing down the transmission is by having appropriate awareness regarding the disease. Protecting yourself and others from the infections or washing the hands with the use of alcohol-based rub is mostly recommended. Most infected people have common symptoms such as
- Dry Cough
- Aches And Pains
- Sore Throat
- Loss Of Taste Or Smell
- Rash On Skin
- Discoloration Of Fingers Or Toes.
- Difficulty Breathing
- Shortness Of Breath
- Chest pain or pressure
- Loss of speech or movement
Seek medical attention immediately if you have serious symptoms. People with mild symptoms can automatically improve their immune system by eating fresh vegetables and many others. When the immune system in the body increases, it automatically fights the virus. Since no specific medicine has yet prepared for this virus, it is essential to stay safe and healthy for reducing this infection of the virus.